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As a basic principle “Comply or explain“ describes a mechanism that is used to manage compliance with provisions that are not legally binding.
A central securities depository (CSD) is a specialized financial organisation holding securities.
More about Central Securities Depository (CSD)
The goal and purpose of an issue generally is to expand the basis of financing – the issuer pursues an increase in capital or stock market value. Financial experts distinguish between two types of issues with regard to the type of capital or issue object: share issues and bond issues.
Internationally emerging standardised message format for the financial sector
Since the Second Shareholder’s Rights Directive (SRD II) went into effect, issuers have been compelled to identify their investors so that those investors can exercise their rights. By passing on requests, intermediaries must assist in this process. The Market Standards for Shareholder Identification provide instructions and guidelines for complying with SRD II in everyday-business.
The concept of “say-on-pay” provides shareholders with a vote on directors’ remuneration during the general meeting at listed companies.